The Dynamics Of Indian Agriculture
Indian agriculture has been famous for its rich contribution to the development of world food markets. It is one of the first agricultural sectors in India that has developed a strong export base. This is evident from the fact that over 70% of the farm produce is traded in foreign markets. The major food grains are rice and wheat, which account for about two-thirds of the total farm produce. But Indian agriculture has a lot to gain from international trade as well if it wants to sustain itself amidst the challenges posed by the global economic slowdown.
The emergence of inter-connected regional markets and online shopping across the world has provided enormous scope for the farmers of India to sell their farm products to these markets. As far as the rice is concerned, there is a remarkable opportunity in the form of rice bumper prices at the end of this season due to the rise in demand. Tillage, which forms a major part of the agricultural output, is highly mechanized and requires a lot of pesticides and herbicides for controlling pests and improving production. But with the help of modern techniques like hydroponics, genetically modified seeds, etc., the farmers of India can increase the yield by utilizing modern methods of growing rice in an economical manner.
The success story of Indian farmers can be seen not only in the rice sector alone. The success of Indian food manufacturing can be traced through the growth of specialty fruit and vegetable export market in Asia and the Middle East. In the Asian sub-continent, Pakistan and Bangladesh are the key players in the export of fruit and vegetables. Over the past couple of years, China has also become an important exporter of food products. The two countries have been pushing for a closer association with each other and have become mutually dependent on each other.
But despite the tremendous rise in food demands in Asia and the Middle East, Indian agriculture is unable to meet the increased demands. Rice is one of the staples in India and the overall rice production has actually declined in the recent years. This problem was not unique to India. In fact, almost all developing countries were affected by this trend of excessive use of pesticides and fertilizers in the agricultural sector. However, with the advent of new technology, the farmers of India could raise the production of rice considerably.
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However, farmers must also be wary of pollution and contamination of their agricultural products. There have been instances where farmers have inadvertently contaminated their produce with heavy metals such as cadmium and chromium. These metals can cause health problems if ingested. Farmers should always make sure that the produce they are selling is free from any contaminants. They should also be careful to sell food production products which do not contain any genetically modified seeds. The above mentioned are only a few aspects of the Indian agricultural industry which continue to face the challenges of new technologies.
The rise in food production has, in turn, resulted in the demand for Indian products abroad also increasing. With the help of new technologies, farmers in India now have access to the technology necessary to increase the yield and quality of the produce they produce.
Hydroponics is one such technology that has made it possible to increase the productivity of the farmer's crops. The system of hydroponics has made it possible to grow crops under conditions where traditionally, these crops would not have been able to survive. Hydroponics also enables farmers to save huge amounts of money, as they do not need to buy seeds, fertilizer and chemicals for their agricultural production.